The Dutch nonprofit company Mars One is planning to establish a human settlement in the Red Planet by 2023, International Business Times has reported.
The company released its basic astronaut requirements for the plan to call not only scientists or pilots but anyone who is at least 18 years old.
Recruiting is scheduled to begin later this year during a televised global selection process based on some criteria, officials say.
Intelligence, good mental and physical health as well as dedication to the project are concerned as the most important criteria.
The eligible applicants need to take eight years of training before their launch programmed for 2023.
Final astronaut candidates will be selected after review by Mars One experts during their Earth-based training, officials said.
“Gone are the days when bravery and the number of hours flying a supersonic jet were the top criteria,” said Mars One’s chief medical director and a former NASA researcher Norbert Kraft.
“Now, we are more concerned with how well each astronaut works and lives with the others, in the long journey from Earth to Mars and for a lifetime of challenges ahead,” Kraft added.
A series of robotic cargo missions will be launched between 2016 and 2021 to prepare a habitable Red Planet outpost before the arrival of the first four immigrants in 2023.
More settlers are planned to leave Earth for the Red Planet every two years after the first group. “There are no plans to return the pioneers to Earth.”
“The Mars One astronauts will depart Earth with the assumption they will never return . . . Mars becomes their new home, where they will live and work for what will likely be the remainder of their lives,” announced on the Mars One website.
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