The payment of compensations to Holocaust survivors in the former Soviet Republics, which have not integrated into the European Union (EU), begins on November 1.
The total sum of compensations will be around 245 million euros, and the receivers are 80,000 Jewish people living in the countries of the post-Soviet space.
This decision was made as a result of talks between representatives of the German government and the International Commission on Holocaust Era Insurance Claims (ICHEIC) that was set up by the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany, or Claims Conference, Head of the Ukrainian Centre for Holocaust Studies Anatoly Podolsky said.
“This is repentance and the acknowledgement of the fact that an odious dictatorial regime that killed people was in power in Germany in the period from 1933 to 1945. Speaking about Jewish communities, we should stress here that all those people were eliminated simply because they were born Jewish, not for their political views or armed resistance. This was a racial theory, where anti-Semitism – to be more exact, radical anti-Semitism, reigned supreme.”
The Claims Conference Commission is an organization that represents the interests of Holocaust Survivors. Its board of directors includes representatives of 27 Jewish organizations in various parts of the world.
Germany has been paying compensations for many years now. The last group covered by this programme includes Jewish people from the former Soviet republics. The Director of the Moscow Museum of the Russian Research and Educational Holocaust Centre Leonid Tyorushkin says:
“The majority of Holocaust survivors live in the former Soviet Union. The Holocaust Survivors category comprises ghetto and concentration camp prisoners. Most of them were children or teenagers at that time. Today they are around 80 or over 80. Of course, we should also mention here all those who were evacuated from the territories occupied by the Nazi troops and from the near-front territory.”
Beginning from November 1st, each Holocaust Survivor living in the former Soviet republics will receive a compensation of 2,556 euros. Special centres will open in big cities to help them with their applications.
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